PRAXIS2 全真模擬試験 DEMO 問題1
: Those examples of poetic justice that occur in medieval and Elizabethan literature, and that
satisfying, have encouraged a whole school of twentieth-century scholars to "find" further examples.
fact, these scholars have merely forced victimized character into a moral framework by which the
injustices inflicted on them are, somehow or other, justified. Such scholars deny that the sufferers in
tragedy are innocent; they blame the victims themselves for their tragic fates. Any misdoing is
subject a character to critical whips. Thus, there are long essays about the misdemeanors of
Duchess of Malfi, who defined her brothers, and he behavior of Shakespeare's Desdemona, who
disobeyed her father.
Yet it should be remembered that the Renaissance writer Matteo Bandello strongly protests the
of the severe penalties issued to women for acts of disobedience that men could, and did, commit
virtual impunity. And Shakespeare, Chaucer, and Webster often enlist their readers on the side of
tragic heroines by describing injustices so cruel that readers cannot but join in protest. By portraying
Griselda, in the Clerk's Tale, as a meek, gentle victim who does not criticize, much less rebel against
prosecutor, her husband Waltter, Chaucer incites readers to espouse Griselda's cause against
oppression. Thus, efforts to supply historical and theological rationalization for Walter's persecutions
to turn Chaucer's fable upside down, to deny its most obvious effect on reader's sympathies.
assert that Webster's Duchess deserved torture and death because she chose to marry the man she
loved and to bear their children is, in effect to join forces with her tyrannical brothers, and so to
the operation of poetic justice, of which readers should approve, with precisely those examples of
injustice that Webster does everything in his power to make readers condemn. Indeed. Webster has
heroin so heroically lead the resistance to tyranny that she may well in spire members of the
imaginatively join forces with her against the cruelty and hypocritical morality of her brothers.
Thus Chaucer and Webster, in their different ways, attack injustice, argue on behalf of the victims,
prosecute the persecutors. Their readers serve them as a court of appeal that remains free to rule, as
evidence requires, and as common humanity requires, in favor of the innocent and injured parties.
paraphrase the noted eighteenth-century scholar, Samuel Johnson, despite all the refinements of
and the dogmatism of learning, it is by the common sense and compassion of readers who are
uncorrupted by the characters and situations in mereval and Dlizabetahn literature, as in any other
literature, can best be judged.
It can be interred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson's idea's about the economic market
A. encouraged those who "make the system work"
B. perpetuated traditional legends about America
C. revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
D. foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
E. began a tradition of presidential proclamations on economics正解: